Who we are
CITiZAN, the Coastal and Intertidal Zone Archaeological Network, highlights the threat of coastal erosion to a wealth of foreshore and intertidal sites. These archaeological features encompass a huge time span, many are of considerable local or national significance and most have no statutory protection
CITiZAN cannot record all the threatened sites currently exposed on the 6,500+ miles of English coastline. What we can do though is promote a standardised survey and monitoring methodology that is applicable to all of them. We have established an infrastructure and network of volunteers with the skills, commitment and support to record, monitor and promote fragile and threatened archaeological intertidal sites.
Local CITiZAN volunteers working together to record a shipwreck off Seven Sisters, East Sussex
CITiZAN is a national project which operates on a local level with our six discovery programme areas. In 2015-18 we worked on selected key sites to highlight the challenges faced by intertidal zone archaeology.
All of our events - including training sessions - are free, thanks to the support from the Heritage Lottery fund! Learn more about our project partners, and our project supporters, without whom the project would not be possible.
An award-winning project!
CITiZAN's work has won several awards prestigious awards across the heritage and charity sectors, recognising our network's innovation and dedication to its cause.
CITiZAN were joint-winners of the 2018 British Archaeological Awards for Best Community Engagement Archaeology Project with SCAPE.
CITiZAN won the Charity Awards 2018 for Arts, Culture and Heritage.
Many thanks go out to all involved who have made CITiZAN a success and made these awards possible:
- our amazing partners the Nautical Archaeology Society, Council for British Archaeology, and our project host Museum of London Archaeology
- our project supporters the National Lottery Heritage Fund, National Trust, The Crown Estate, Historic England
- and especially to you, our enthusiastic network!
Thank you for your support and your dedication over the past few years. These awards are an amazing recognition of all that you do!
CITiZAN: as seen on TV!
Did you catch CITiZAN on Britain at Low Tide? Our team of coastal archaeologists along with our amazing volunteers filmed a third series with Tori Herridge, and Tern TV . You can catch this series on Channel 4: coming soon in 2019.
Be sure to join us on Twitter and Facebook on the night where we'll be sharing extra behind the scenes facts, photos and more using #BritainAtLowTide.
Meet the CITiZAN team…
CITiZAN Project Leader
Gustav is the Project Leader for CITiZAN, based in London.
His archaeological career began in the City of London on waterfront excavations next to the Thames back in the 1970s, working on a series of major ancient harbour sites of Roman, Saxon and Medieval date, including the site of the Roman London bridge.
Gustav starting teaching archaeology at University College London in 1991 and set up the Thames Archaeological Survey in 1993, the Museum of London’s Centre for Human Bioarchaeology in 2003 and then the Thames Discovery Programme in 2008. His interest in nautical archaeology includes work on a medieval ship from Sandwich, Kent; an Elizabethan merchantman from the Thames estuary and the launch site for Brunel’s SS Great Eastern in Millwall. In 2017 he published a book on the Evolutionary Determinants of Health, Uncivilised Genes: human evolution and the urban paradox.
CITiZAN Project Manager
Caroline is CITiZAN Project Manager based in London, managing the national elements of the project and providing a central focus for CITiZAN's regional teams.
Caroline has a BA(Hons) in International Relations and Politics from the University of Portsmouth and a PGC in Critical Approaches to Archaeology from the University of Leicester. She has specialised in education and outreach since 2003 and is passionate about teaching archaeology to all.
Caroline was fascinated by archaeology as a child and would often dig up the garden in search of artefacts from another era. Her first adult archaeology experience was on the ground breaking Riverside Project excavations in the World Heritage Site at Stonehenge. She then continued with the National Trust as their learning and interpretation officer on the Stonehenge Landscape estate. She later became a maritime archaeologist working as an Education Officer and Exhibition Manager with Maritime Archaeology Trust, teaching the secrets and mysteries of shipwrecks and submerged settlements.
After a stint at Barton Peveril college as their archaeology adult learning tutor and then the head of business at IBTC Portsmouth traditional wooden boatbuilding college, Caroline is back again in archaeology with CITiZAN.
CITiZAN South East
Based in the Public Engagement unit of MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology), from 2019 the CITiZAN team in South East England will focus on two new coastal Discovery Programmes, one in Kent and one in Essex.
Discovery Programme Officer, East Kent Coast
Lara is Lead Archaeologist for the East Kent Coast Discovery Programme; she was formerly one of the two South East Senior Community Archaeologists.
Over 2015-2018 she led on many sites, from Norfolk round to Sussex, including volunteer surveys of the secret military site of Orford Ness, Suffolk in partnership with the National Trust and the international transdisciplinary project Heritage Futures; at Pett Level submerged forest, Sussex and of the military remains in Pegwell Bay, Kent with the support of the Thanet Coastal Communities team. She also initiated an art/archaeology collaboration with a University of Brighton Faculty of Arts open air drawing course at sites across Sussex and Kent including Birling Gap, Bishopstone Tidemills and Dungeness which will continue through this new round of CITiZAN.
With a long career in museums, archaeology and beyond Lara was formerly acting Head of Built Heritage at MOLA and a Senior Archaeologist in the Planning team. As a curator at Åland Maritime Museum, she collaborated on a collections review and the entire renewal of the museum's permanent display, designed and built online exhibitions and researched and commissioned interactive digital displays. As a field archaeologist she led on coastal surveys, excavations and GIS for the Åland Islands Board of Art and Antiquities and has excavated on urban, rural and coastal sites across the UK.
She spent two years creating immersive experiences for a cultural association in France; led a volunteer welfare project, run learning sessions and collaborated on building projects and a major collections review at the Weald and Downland Living Museum and has taught English to all ages in the UK, France and Finland.
She has an MA in Historical Archaeology from the University of Leicester, is newsletter editor and a Council member for the Society for Post Medieval Archaeology and has presented CITiZAN’s work, and her own, at many national and international conferences including the European Association of Archaeologists 2018 in Barcelona.
CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer, Mersea Island
As CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer, Mersea Island, Oliver is Lead Archaeologist for this new project.
Oliver has worked with CITiZAN in the South East of England since the project launch in 2015. During the first phase of CITiZAN his time was split between the rugged and fragile coastline of Birling Gap and the vast muddy expanses of the Essex coast. He is now the Discovery Programme Officer for Mersea Island, in Essex and will be focusing exclusively on the archaeology of the Blackwater and Colne estuaries.
Oliver’s volunteer teams have revealed an extensive re-emerging landscape including well preserved Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon remains in the area and the next three years will be used to map historic sea levels within each of these periods.
As one of CITiZAN’s primary objectives is to develop academic connections, Oliver is working in collaboration with Professor Andrew Reynolds of the Institute of Archaeology, UCL, to run terrestrial excavations on the island following a successful application to Society of Antiquaries’ Margaret and Tom Jones award in 2019. This joint project will help to answer questions about the foreshore archaeology of Mersea discovered by CITiZAN and its relationship to inland archaeological remains.
Oliver is also a presenter on Channel 4’s Britain At Low Tide. The show follows the exploits of the CITiZAN project in England and Scotland. Its primetime transmission regularly attracted over 1 million viewers and highlighted an ongoing public interest in the past whilst introducing audiences to the developing field of coastal archaeology.
Oliver studied Archaeology at UCL and graduated in 2005 having worked on excavations in Belize, The British Virgin Islands, Romania and Devon. More recently, he has developed a study examining the application of 3D printing in archaeology to support the Key Stage 2 History syllabus. He also worked as a researcher on a UCL led project to map Anglo-Saxon road and communication networks.
CITiZAN Community Archaeologist, South East.
As CITiZAN Community Archaeologist in the South East team Lawrence is supporting both the East Kent Coast and Mersea Island Discovery Programmes and assisting Gustav with the development of national elements of the project. This includes helping to organise training events, promotion of the CITiZAN methodology for monitoring vulnerable foreshore sites and the building of CITiZAN's Low Tide Trail heritage walks.
Lawrence has previous experience in museum exhibition curation, teaching and community event organising and has brought to CITiZAN the pioneering use of Oral Histories Projects as a tool of Archaeology and community engagement through his Searching Mersea project.
Lawrence has a BA in Social Anthropology from Goldsmith College, University of London.
CITiZAN South West
Hosted by project partners the Nautical Archaeology Society at Fort Cumberland, Portsmouth, from 2019 the CITiZAN team in South West England will focus on two new coastal Discovery Programmes, one on the Solent and one in Devon.
Discovery Programme Officer, South Devon Rivers
As CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer for South Devon Rivers, Thérèse is the Lead Archaeologist for this project.
Thérèse holds a BSc in Archaeology and an MSc in the Technology and Analysis of Archaeological Materials from the Institute of Archaeology, University College London and an MA in Maritime Archaeology from the University of Southampton.
For several years, Thérèse’s work focused on the analysis and interpretation of archaeological materials derived from high temperature industrial processes and she has worked on numerous research projects in the UK and Austria.
In 2017 Thérèse joined CITiZAN as Archaeologist for Training for the South-West region. Thérèse's interests include the complex site formation processes associated with coastal and intertidal contexts and how these inform our interpretation of and monitoring strategies for sites and features in these dynamic environments. Thérèse is also interested in coastal industries and the archaeology of watercraft abandonment.
CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer, Solent Harbours was Caroline Barrie-Smith, who became CITiZAN Project Manager in September 2019 (see above).
CITiZAN Community Archaeologist, South West
As CITiZAN Community Archaeologist in the South West team Grant supports both Discovery Programmes in the region and assists Gustav with the development of National elements of the project.
Grant has worked nationally and internationally as a maritime archaeologist for just shy of 10 years. His work has included surveying and excavating a variety of shipwreck and settlement sites for the British museum, Mizen archaeology, The Maritime archaeology Trust, Bournemouth University and Museum of London Archaeology.
Grant has focused his career on the more practical aspects of archaeology, developing a strong knowledge of terrestrial, maritime and intertidal archaeological techniques as well as substantial experience in 3D recording techniques. In the last 2 years he has focused his career in community archaeology directing site investigations across the intertidal zones of the UK as part of the Forgotten Wrecks of the First world war project whilst simultaneously working towards developing new ways of disseminating information and engaging the public.
Hosted by project partners the Council for British Archaeology in York, from 2019 the CITiZAN team in northern England will focus on two new coastal Discovery Programmes, one in Liverpool Bay and one on the Humberside.
CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer, Liverpool Bay
Andy studied Ancient History and Archaeology at the University of Wales, Lampeter (1998) and Wetland Archaeological Science and Management at the University of Hull (1999). After graduating he dug across England and Scotland before settling in Swansea to work for the Glamorgan and Gwent Archaeological Trust. He worked on a wide variety of commercial and community projects; including recording the plethora of Iron Age timber recovered from Greenmoor Arch, Magor, excavating the Newport Ship, Caerleon's medieval bridge and Bronze Age trackways from Swansea Bay. He also worked on the Arfordir project (Wales’ volunteer coastal scheme).
Between the two phases of CITiZAN Andy worked for Mola Headland Infrastructure as a Community Engagement Project Officer at the Park Street Burial Ground in Birmingham.
Andy is an Associate Member of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists (ACIfA) and a member of the European Association of Archaeologists.
CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer, Humberside
As CITiZAN Discovery Programme Officer for Humberside Sam is the Lead Archaeologist on this project. He is responsible for planning and organising training and outreach events across the area and for recruiting and managing the area's volunteers.
Sam has conducted fieldwork and research on multi-period archaeological sites across the UK and Europe. This has included running a number of community lead public archaeology projects in the South and East of England. Specifically Sam spent six years as part of the Ice Age Island team (Jersey), as a fieldwork and archives supervisor studying the Islands multi-phase prehistoric past.
Sam also has experience of working in the commercial sector both in planning consultancy and fieldwork prior to joining CITiZAN and MOLA. Throughout his career Sam's focus has concentrated on prehistoric peoples, past landscapes and lithic technologies across Europe.
CITiZAN Community Archaeologist, North
As CITiZAN Community Archaeologist in the North team Chris supports both Discovery Programmes in the region and assists Gustav with the development of national elements of the project.
Chris holds a BSc in Archaeology from the University of Bradford and has a background in community archaeology and engagement. His first experience of community focussed archaeology came from working as a volunteer on several community projects in the South Yorkshire region. This volunteer work led to Chris securing a Council for British Archaeology Community Archaeology Training Placement in 2012.
Chris also specialises in the archaeology of First and Second World War era Home Front defences, in particular defences of the Second World War era Coastal Crust. This specialism has led to the development of GIS based interpretation methods that help add further meaning to lost and surviving wartime defences in the UK.
Recently, as Project Archaeologist for Home Front Legacy 1914-18, Chris was responsible for training volunteers to re-discover, investigate and record the UK’s surviving, but often forgotten, First World War era Home Front sites. This Council for British Archaeology co-ordinated and Historic England funded project came to a successful conclusion in 2018.